Denise Cote, U.S. District Judge in Manhattan ruled yesterday that there was “compelling evidence” of ‘central role’ played by Apple which proves that Cupertino is in direct violation of federal antitrust law. The gist of the 159-page decision is that “Apple conspired with a group of five publishers, starting in 2009, to under-price e-books being sold by”, notes ABC News.

“Without Apple’s orchestration of this conspiracy, it would not have succeeded as it did”, she added.

Apple is planning to appeal the judgment and said that “Apple did not conspire to fix e-book pricing,” notes Reuters. Tom Neumayr, Apple’s spokesperson said, “When we introduced the iBookstore in 2010, we gave customers more choice, injecting much needed innovation and competition into the market, breaking Amazon’s monopolistic grip on the publishing industry. We’ve done nothing wrong.”

The alleged collusion started back in 2009 and continued till early 2010. While the other publishers settled, Apple decided to go on trial. Apple has already settled with the EU in a similar antitrust lawsuit but, hasn’t admitted any wrong doing.